Pharmacognostical Studies and Determination of Total Flavonoids of Paitan (Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray

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Pharmacognostical Studies and Determination of Total Flavonoids of Paitan (Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray

Pharmacognostical Studies and Determination of Total
Flavonoids of Paitan (Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray

Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray is one of the plants used in traditional medicine and
belongs to Compositae family. In different parts of Indonesia, it is commonly known as “paitan
and kembang bulan”. The study provides an early description of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.)
A. Gray) and complete the monographs data extract. This plant prospects to the main source
of the raw material for the herb-drug product and some parameters identified were needed to
ensure the safety, quality and efficacy of the product. The present study is to evaluate macrosand
microscopic characteristic of the Indonesian plant and its quality parameter including
fluorescence, physicochemical characteristics and phytochemical screening. Moisture content,
ethanol and water-soluble extract was determined, and were discovered to be 11,27%, 4,73%
and 18,01%. Total ash value and acid insoluble ash value were determined which was 10.29
and 0.72 % respectively. Phytochemical screening of aqueous ethanol extract of Tithonia
diversifolia showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins and triterpenoids.
The result showed that average content of flavonoid total is 69.1653 mg QE/g extract.

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http://repository.uhamka.ac.id/799/1/PJ-11-6-318.pdf

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