The existence of livestock as a dominant risk factor of pneumonia among Indonesian children aged 12-59 months
The study aimed to determine the risk factors of pneumonia among children under-5 years old. A case control study was carried out among the mothers having under five years children who were admitted and recorded in medical record in IMCI Clinic, Kebon Jeruk Sub District, West Jakarta in 2018. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 60 children with pneumonia and 120 children with non-pneumonia diseases. The results shows the existence of livestock is a dominant risk factor of pneumonia in children under-five. An increasing trend of pneumonia was observed among children aged 12-59 months, who live near the highway, non-exclusive breastfeeding, expose to indoor smoking parents, and low family income.